did quakers pay taxes
During the revolution they refused to pay taxes and to fight. You know about John Woolman’s tax resistance, but what about his brother Abner? Whipple, a “Rogerene” Quaker (not exactly part of the Society of Friends, but In 1761, John Churchman noted that some war tax resisters seemed to be following a trend rather than attending to the Inner Light. I’m absolutely committed to these people—they’re my people—and I’m not the only one of us who’s saying this: we don’t have the verve, the passion that we admire from the old days. Anarchism, properly understood, is not aiming at a social utopia but at an individual transformation of understanding and ethics; and, says Tolstoy, the same can be said for Christian Anarchism. onerous militia system. “the universal practice of Friends tacitly acknowledges” that Quakers may and “Every meeting that has a resister is proud of it,” Boardman says, “and if the topic comes up, they’ll say ‘oh yes, we have a war tax resister in our meeting!’” But that’s as far as it goes. Quaker The North Carolina In 1984 Kingdon Swayne complained that during a representative meeting in Philadelphia, “those who obey the [tax] law were compared to the Quaker slaveholders of the eighteenth century, and not a dissenting voice was raised.” Swayne was writing at the peak of a frenzy of Quaker war tax resistance that began in the late 1950s and built throughout the Cold War, only to collapse soon after. I just think we’re faded, morally and spiritually. to be presenting a summary of the history of war tax resistance in the Society Some of the groups in this movement took up the cause of Zerah C. Also: “An act to compel the Quakers to perform military service, or to pay money in lieu thereof, might properly be entitled, ‘An act for the extinction of the Religious Society of Friends,’ ” wrote the Friends’ Review in 1869. Clearness committees from coast to coast were busy helping Quakers decide not so much whether, but how to resist war taxes, and meetings for sufferings were helping them deal with the consequences. Friends World Committee for Consultation and London Yearly Meeting (now Britain Yearly Meeting) stopped withholding income taxes from 25 resisting employees. Quakers had once seen themselves as vanguards who demonstrated how people should live so that the prophecy of swords beaten into plowshares would come to pass. Quaker scruples against paying for the war, in the North anyway, became increasingly half-hearted. Quakers occasionally appealed to their legislatures to exempt them from such Which statement characterizes sixteenth-century English Puritanism? Friends might be “dealt with as disorderly walkers” or disowned by their meetings for such evasions. The criminal cases against several more accused Rebeccaites come to a conclusion, while Rebecca’s example stands as the “bad cop” that lets peaceful, law-abiding Welsh farmers play “good cop” and get their grievance heard. out of service by providing a substitute or by paying a $300 commutation fine After the war, there was a “bounty tax” which was meant to fund the bonuses Although there isn’t as much excitement for world federalism these days, many potential war tax resisters have been distracted by their own far-off dream: a “peace tax fund” law that would allow conscientious taxpayers to pay only for non-military parts of the national budget. Get free news and updates from Friends Journal and our QuakerSpeak video series. But by 1757, when the first attempt was made to establish a national militia, the Militia Ballot Act allowed Quakers exemption from military service. People often disagreed with this belief during the early years of Quakerism. Does a taxpayer enter into a criminal conspiracy with the government, with the risk of being prosecuted under the Nuremberg Principles? taxes, although this was still, in most Meetings, an offense against the Here are some examples. Once these things combined, the momentum was extraordinary—but only for about 30 years. Also: In 1950, Westbrook Pegler waxes furious and sarcastic about tax refusal and President Truman’s outrageous taxpayer-paid travel budget. Quaker War Tax Resistance: In 1994, Joseph Olejak stopped paying taxes. Who today would complain that compliant Quaker taxpayers are made to feel like pariahs in their meetings? Gideon Frost and Samuel Rhoads spar over the duties of Quaker conscientious objectors during the American Civil War. Some excerpts from the “History of Woman Suffrage” concerning Lucretia Mott and the influence on her of Quaker reformer Elias Hicks. A tax strike in support of #BlackLivesMatter. Quakers to pay, but the surtax, only because it was explicitly called a war tax Frequently One way a tax resistance campaign can claim victory is by convincing the government to either formally rescind the tax, or to recognize the legal validity of tax resistance. Two Quakers each refused to pay one and a half pence for the Egyptian War in 1883 (“It would be well if the whole Society had done so,” one Quaker remarks). In reality however they pay more than an equivalent for tax was collected at the same time as other state and local taxes. few cases in the Confederacy, Quakers were drafted into the military, and, Selections from Nathan F. Spencer’s “An Account of the Sufferings of Friends of North Carolina Yearly Meeting in Support of Their Testimony Against War from 1861 to 1865” concerning what happened to Friends who refused to pay the militia exemption fees. Here is Maine legislator Samuel Reddington making this Brief notes from the business meeting of the National War Tax Resistance Coordinating Committee. Reviewing this history may help us better understand how Quakers have put the peace testimony into practice. In the Civil War, the Spanish American War, and World War I, the United States raised money by requiring people to affix war tax “revenue stamps” to a variety of documents and goods. Treasury should be supplied with money as soon as possible. non-combatant roles like hospital service. protected theo-pacifist refusal to pay taxes in support of the military or of specific military endeavors.2 In the wake of the Supreme Court's decision in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc. (Hobby Lobby),3 some Quakers have argued that such tax resistance now has a legal basis.4 However, both the majority and t. In 1835 a Quaker writer with the pen name “Pacificus” presaged Thoreau’s argument that civil disobedience, and tax resistance in particular, could reform a nation. A few years back, Elizabeth Boardman and some other resisters in Pacific Yearly Meeting decided to try to revitalize Quaker war tax resistance. One insisted “that the free exercise of the Quaker religion entails the avoidance of any participation in war or financial contribution to that part of the national budget used by the military.”, I’m very disappointed and I might be too negative. that war tax resistance was losing its footing and had become a debatable part necessity of taking something, you may, by inquiry and calculation, find what Clearness committees from coast to coast were busy helping Quakers decide not so much whether, but how to resist war taxes, and meetings for sufferings were helping them deal with the consequences. And there were some other signs of trouble. “Human Smoke” questions the conventional wisdom about World War II. I’d like to think we could have hoped for more. Maule and some others felt Thomas Clarkson, though not a Quaker himself, studied the sect so closely that his writings on Quakerism were published in a long-running series in The British Friend. Also: An 1864 debate in the U.S. Senate about Quaker resistance to militia exemption fines, and to what extent the law should respect it. Quakers refused to pay for war almost from the beginning. ours.” We can say that of all the tax as well as a part.…. Also: 150 years ago today the Philadelphia Inquirer tries to make the case that there was unanimous patriotic Civil War fervor in the North — even among the nominally pacifist Quakers. battle, than with those whose eyes had been enlightened to see the peaceable Also: Quakers plead the case of conscientious objectors to Lincoln’s war cabinet. And: excerpts from a letter from Benjamin Bates to the Virginia Legislature, explaining why Quakers felt they could not pay militia exemption fines — which makes me wonder if the passion for resistance is getting out ahead of the reasoning at this point. The peacefulness, charity, and self-reliance of Quakers Other colonies were not as tolerant. Being under the Here are some examples. Required fields are marked *. military services. A. to provide a refuge for Quakers B. to create new trading markets C. to provide a refuge for English Catholics D. to earn money for the Dutch West India Company. topic of “mixed taxes” and whether this militia tax had somehow become He wrote: “Such build on a sandy foundation who refuse paying . When Nathaniel Morgan mentioned that his family’s goods had been seized and sold several times for their refusal to pay income tax during wartime, he says he was asked “if we, anything by that, meaning, was anything refunded by the Society of Friends for such suffering.” Says Morgan: “I immediately replied: ‘Yes, peace of mind, which was worth all.’”, In England such resistance was still exceptional, but in America to be a Quaker almost. devoted to war tax resistance (the second such issue; there would also be a third and fourth). Also: William Gladstone said that “when the Legislature made a demand on its subjects for a part of their property, whatever might be the purpose to which it was applied, the demand of the Legislature absolved the conscience of its subjects.” Think that’s true? discussing laws (or sometimes new state constitutions) and trying to delineate “But I think I’m the only one who’s applied to the fund so far,” says Boardman, “and I did it mostly so the people who set it up would feel it was useful.”. Intelligencer and in The Friend disagreed). You’ve heard that the I.R.S. The successful tax resistance campaign of the Great Confederated Anti-Dray and Land Tax League of South Australia in 1850–51. The assembly was unmoved. Yet when two Quaker families were recently faced with back taxes, they agreed to pay them but not the late fees and penalties that IRS is charging them with. Send a copy of your letter by April 15 to Elizabeth at email@example.com, or at 1808 Drexel Drive, Davis CA 95616, so that you can be counted. And it avails nothing to say: “We did not pay it for Levied Friends believed this price was worth paying. ignored. London Yearly Meeting, in order to bring these dissenters back in line, sent emissaries to the colonies to “explain and enforce our known principles and practice respecting the payment of taxes for the support of civil government.” But the radical war tax resistance position, and the sincerity of those who held it, proved influential. Your email address will not be published. 17% of Americans think the U.S. government has the “consent of the governed.” Also: a follow-up on Steven Short’s radio show about Northern California War Tax Resistance. Also: The Westbury, New York Monthly Meeting of the Society of Friends reported on what happened to one New York Quaker who refused to submit to the draft or to militia exemption fines. Also: another data point on the mystery of how American Quaker war tax resistance died out in the late 19th century. war and the Civil War much of the American Quaker writing about war tax Also: Selections from Fernando Gale Cartland’ 1895 book “Southern Heroes: The Friends in War Time” that tell how Quakers in the Confederate states coped with the military draft, exemption fees, and war taxes; including writings of conscientious objector Himelius M. Hockett, and a letter from C.S. I’d like to think we could have hoped for more. And: the story of Cyrus G. Pringle. That changed during the American Revolution when Quakers refused to pay military taxes or fight in the war. This was a clear war tax of the sort that Quakers normally could not pay, but, for instance in Ohio, this tax was collected at the same time as other state and local taxes. Quaker war tax resisters were severely persecuted during the American Revolution, and Quaker meetings in America were wracked with debate over the proper extent of the war tax resistance witness. Quakers believe that all people are equal in life. The reason is this: - they are not required to buy weapons - they hand over their tax money to the federal government - the federal government is then responsible for how that money is … cannon’s mouth. It is impossible to avoid giving aid and comfort to wars and warlike tendencies unless one goes to a desert isle and lives by himself. tax, though the tax was explicitly for war, it was not a new tax but a new Even though many of the early Friends owned slaves, the practice of slavery began … military or war purposes. Am I “obsessing” about Quaker tax resistance from centuries past? So if we were to stop funding our militaries, how are we supposed to defend ourselves against major threats in the world. No poor Quaker was ever known to apply to the town for relief. Many, perhaps most Quakers who had paid the former By 1970, references to war tax resistance in the Friends Journal had become more casual and matter-of-fact, but also less urgent and less thorough. They often seized property worth much more than the amount due, and then sold these items well below their value. averted looks of the considerate of all classes, it would require stout hands This was a clear war tax of Quaker legislators voted to fund the British conquest of Egypt in 1882, so an editorialist for The British Friend said it was up to Quaker taxpayers to show some spine. Here are some examples. The smallness of through distraint). By the time of the American Revolution, a firmer policy of war tax resistance had become a near orthodoxy in many American meetings. reported any “sufferings” for refusal to pay a military tax. And: federal workers in Manitoba in 1934 refuse to pay a state wage tax. 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