cake mixture quantities for different sized tins
SQUARE TIN SIZE 12cm (5 inches) square 15cm (6 inches) square 18cm (7 inches) square 20cm (8 inches) square. But, if you must persevere with your prepared cake tin, then adjust the cooking time to factor in the depth of the batter. Hi, I have previously had the app and have enjoyed your program. measurements 12mm long x 7mm width . CakeBaker, the expert in Baking Apps, has come up with a brand new, nifty App also called The CakeOmeter. BakingIrene Posted 29 Aug 2012 , 6:30pm. self-raising flour goes to 228g and milk goes to 137ml I’ve used the Cakeulator app for years. Line your baking tins well to ensure your baked cakes come out clean. Wantto make mini coffee cake My recipe for an 8" carrot cake tells me to put 1 1/2 two of baking This first is a simple calculation with cups. Cake tins sizes/quantities . Hello I have used this many times with no issues. Just did this for the cappucino tray bake recipe – works a treat! If you wish to make individual ones you can use the 8″ cake mixture and divide equally (it is best to weigh it out). Set your oven to bake at 150C - 160C (300f - 320f). I’ve converted my ingredients to a larger tin but need to convert temperature and cooking time Lol. Brilliant site, thank you. I put in my ingredients and the converter missed one? Not sure what im doing wrong but its saying new recipe will appear automatically but nothing else showing? Plain Flour 530g x 1.3 = 689g Self-raising Flour 175g x 1.3 = 227.5g Milk 105ml x 1.3 = 136.5ml round any rogue quantities ie. I've converted everything just fine (from 9" round carrot cake to 12" square carrot cake), but I'm confused as to how to adjust the time.Can you help please? So I shouldn’t have been surprised by the response to last weeks post on how to adapt ingredient amounts for different sized cake tins with a 10″ recipe along side. Please could you reply? 01/11/2018 at 3:03 pm. Sometimes it would work for me, but more often than not, I'll end up with a dry overcooked cake or a cake that just wouldn't "rise up to the occasion"! For round cake pans it’s just πr²h (π x square of radius x height), for square and rectangular cake pans it’s lbh (length x breadth x height). Also with very deep tins, do you still use 2 tins and split the amount between the 2 tins? On converted amount on eggs it says 11.8 do I round it up to 12 ? The formula used is a very simple and straightforward one we all learned in school – volume. Thanks for the advise, I will be sure to multiply all the ingredients correctly. (same for fruit) 8 oz (225 g) 1 lb (450 g) 1¼ lb (575 g) 2 lb (900 g) sultanas. 9,773. Have you ever seen a recipe but wanted to make a larger or smaller version? Thank you so much. If you are using a different tin shape to the ones above, then a very simple way of checking your quantities is with water! However, as a general rule, square tins hold about 25 per cent more than round tins of the same size. 10” Whole cake Approx 1 hr to 1 hr 15 mins or 2 cakes 27 to 30 mins. I would like to try your Madeira cake recipe for this. Just tried your recipe converter and it worked a treat.When I compared the two quantities it made perfectsense. I was surprised. Hi the converter says use 7.6 eggs. 4” square/5” round use 1/3 of the base recipe, for example 200g will be reduced to 67g. I would like to use that recipe for 2 each 10" pans. Hayley M(312) Posted on 19-04-2011 at 11.22AM . Lots of times I have had to convert recipes for different sized tins and never made the right amount. Now it has gone and theApple store says it’s not available (Australia) it’s one of the most useful things I use and would like to have it back on my iPad. allrecipes.co.uk/recipe/25282/marjorie-s-rich-fruit-cake.aspx Why can't I install the cake o metre app on my phone.It isn't listed on Google Play Store. 7 or 8 eggs. Please can somebody make one that is?! I have just received an order to make two 12″ fresh cream cakes (one round and one square) so needed a foolproof recipe to follow. Help please l would like to buy the cakeometer app but both my ipad & iphone tell me its not available in my area. Azlin Bloor says. A different sized tin will affect the baking time of the cake and also the depth of the finished cake. i can give you the choco cake recipeif you want too.hope this is helpful. Great site. Hi Anne, firstly, you need to decide how many the cake is going to feed. It was all blended with no lumps but the butter seemed to separate and the cake was more like transparent almost pancake. Do you have a fix for this? You have more control over it and you’re less likely to get it all over your greaseproof paper and sides. Hi Charlotte, just wanted to say thank you so much for your all in one birthday cake and measuring calculator, I am not much of a baker and yesterday we had someone on our site who just told us he 80!!! I find the best way to get cake mix into awkwardly shaped tins is by using an ice cream scoop. I have now used it to resize a 20cm square Madeira to a 20 cm round and there is something oh so wrong. Cake decorating - the pursuit of excellence or is 'good enough' good enough? This is a fab recipe, for a 7/18cm round tin, 200grms each of soft butter and sugar, 4eggs,150grms plain flour, and 50grms of s/r flour, 3tsp milk, cook for 1hr 15mins, this is using the creaming in method, i use gas 3, or 160/350f. Upscaling cake recipe quantities. so your recipe came to the rescue and saved the day with the tins that I had already I could get the right quantities, timings and temperature. Phil. Reply. Recipes for larger layer cakes mix and bake one layer at a time, so you can mix a manageable amount of batter and re-use a single large tin. http://www.lindyscakes.co.uk/CakestoInspireandDesire.htm, http://www.lindyscakes.co.uk/OnlineShop-Dummies.htm#miniDummies, http://www.lindyscakes.co.uk/Blog/2009/12/17/baking-the-perfect-madeira-cake/, http://www.lindyscakes.co.uk/sugarcraftworkshopstaughtbylindysmith-uk2011.htm, http://www.lindyscakes.co.uk/2009/02/27/why-does-lindy-use-madeira-cakes/, http://www.lindyscakes.co.uk/shop/search.php?mode=search&page=1, http://www.lindyscakes.co.uk/2011/02/02/lindys-chocolate-fudge-cake-recipe/. 8” Whole cake Approx 45 mins to 1hour or 2 cakes 20 to 25 mins. Many times I have just used a different sized tin or guessed amounts but for a change I thought I’d check and hey presto found this! 5 Kilos of sugar paste will cover all 4 cakes (fruit or sponge) or scale accordingly. new recipe wont appear?doesn't seem to be working! Many cake recipes and baking instructions focus on a particular baking pan size, such as two 8-inch round cake pans with a depth of 2 inches. I want to put into a pudding bowl,would I have to leave in over same time or longer?I really would appreciate your feedback, I put all the ingredients in as written which were 9 and it only gave me 6 ingredient measurements so I still am not sure some of those ingredients would make a difference as 1 was liquid?How should I increase this recipe if you could help it would be wonderful ?Thank you. Can you help please … As promised in last weeks post, here is the chart with all the ingredients you need to make a Madeira cake from a 6″ all the way up to a 12″. Example: I have found a recipe for a carrot cake that calls for 3 each 8" round pans. The figures have been calculated by working out the ratio of surface areas. I have a small rectangular cake tin Really gutted that this is no longer available! A “standard size” is usually an 8″ or 9″ round cake tin. Your new recipe will appear here automatically! The recipe uses UK medium eggs (approx 60g/2¼oz). I have Recipe calls for 8x8x4.My pan 8x8x2.If I use 2-8x8x2.How long should they bake and what temp.Original temp 250°. If so then our nifty calculator makes this a doddle. Remember to adjust your cooking times a little to make allowance for new size. I often get confused when I see a recipe and it calls for a different sized tin than what I already have. Thank you. If you're struggling to convert a favourite recipe (and cooking times) to fit a different size tin, Problem solved!! I made 60th birthday cake and also hired the tins. 3 oz (75 g) 6 oz (175 g) 8 oz (225 g) 12 oz (350 g) https://lindyscakes.co.uk/2009/07/27/how-to-i-change-a-cake-recipe-quanities The online tool to use whenever you want to convert a cake recipe to fit a different tin size: the cake-o-meter! Many thanks Bake this at 140C for 1 hour 30 minutes or until a skewer comes out clean. I just had another question, do you have any recipes for a fresh cream cake? 6” Whole cake Approx 30 mins to 45 mins or 2 cakes 15 to 20 mins. They're bigger quantities than I use for those size tins but I think it would give you deeper cakes that would be more suitable for a wedding cake. I used two amounts of five egg mix, (that's large eggs). If you only have a 1lb loaf tin, we recommend either halving the quantities in the recipe or making all the mixture and baking two 1lb cakes one after the other. On cake converter where does it show cooking times. I have tried to convert a few times and had different results- so fingers crossed. Why does the cameo etfd not convert cooking times, would be an a so fab idea & help. or is it possible to split cut a deep cake in half once cooked. Do you have any suggestions as to why this would happen? https://www.allrecipes.com/article/cake-pan-size-conversions I have plenty of time to plan seeing as the picnic isn't until November hence why I am getting organised now. Denise - 4-Dec-18 @ 12:10 PM. If you need a cake of a different depth you must divided each ingredient quantity by the depth of the recipe cake and multiply by the depth of the cake you wish to make. The cake shop where you hire them from will advise you on the amount of mix you will need. As you can see, the above chart for scaling up cake recipes is quite simple when it comes to cake mixture quantities for different sized tins and we know there are plenty more cake tins out there than square or circular! How do you work out how much to use for different sized tins? All my much-used recipes are saved on it, but I can’t access it any more. for 4 hours. I know they should be more spongier and not as dense as a Madeira cake. Kind regards Anne S. Reply. However if you are having to substitute then it would be best to go for the tin that is closest in size - ie if the recipe is for an 8-inch tin then a 7-inch tin is closer in size than a 10-inch tin. Great site thank you. Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice.. I’ve put my cake details in but it’s not bringing up the conversions .. what am I doing wrong ? No big deal when most conversions will be for fairly similar sized tins (eg 23cm to 20cm – 9” to 8”). For a 6 inch (15 cm) round or 5 inch (13 cm) square cake For an 8 inch (20 cm) round cake or a 7 in (18 cm) square one For a 9 inch (23 cm) round or 8 inch (20 cm) square cake For an 11 inch (28 cm) round or 10 inch (25.5 cm) square cake; currants. I only made it easier by combining everything in an Excel document so all we need to do is to 1) choose the type of pan you are converting from and converting to and 2) key in the cake pans’ measurem… Meant to say please? Website Navitas Design, Add your email below to receive our regular newsletters, Carving cakes successfully - a few tips from Lindy. This chart helps down and upscale cake recipe quantities and assumes that the recipe you are using is the most common size/shape, which is an 8 inch (20cm) round cake and 3 inch (7.5cm) deep. However, for larger differentials or circumstances where you need or want to maintain the relative proportions (height to width), the factor should be a ratio of the cubes (eg 10^3 divided by 11.5^3). Thanks MIWL, yes I thought they would advise me, but I could have just done with knowing tonight. An answer to the questions about why the app is no longer available in UK and Australia would be helpful. What happened to the cake pan converter app? As promised in last weeks post, here is the chart with all the ingredients you need to make a Madeira cake from a 6″ all the way up to a 12″. Just what I needed for my daughters birthday cake... so it should turn out well???? How do i do that. This will stop that happening again… Thanks. It may be tempting to put the full quantity of mixture into the 1lb loaf tin at once but with eggs and baking powder in the mixture, your cake should rise. But there you have it. I’m so so pleased and will be keeping your table of quantities for different sized tins on hand always. Hi I want to make a chocolate maltesers Christmas Pudding, the recipe says to round tins. Keely, Placed all ingredients, tin measures but nothing happeni7. Why does the cake o meter not convert recipes anymore. I have used the same recipe for a long time but this is the first time of changing the recipe for different tin sizes. 0. The cooking temperatures are the same, but you reduce the temperature after only half an hour. My usual 8" mix uses a 5 egg recipe, plus 2 extra oz of flour to make it a madeira and that gives a cake that's about 3" deep. cbeebie says: 28/06/2011 at 6:20 pm. link. Marjiebakes says: 01/07/2011 at 6:20 pm. madeitwithlove. Please could you tell me what size cake tins I need & quantities. Alternatively, the mixture will be enough for a rectangular Swiss roll tin (about 25cm by 40cm) For a genoise sponge, fold in 25g melted unsalted butter at the end, until there are no streaks of butter remaining. the cakes usually take just over an hour to cook in a fan assisted oven. I was using it on my old iPad, but on my new one it says it is “not available in my country/region”. There are a couple different ways to do this. Instead, scrape out the mixture into a more appropriately-sized cake tin. Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice... By: John Rowlinson - Updated: 15 Dec 2020, CakeOmeter+: Get Started Converting Tin Sizes, The CakeUlator - Get Started Costing Cakes, The Cakeulator - Get Started with Android, The GanacheUlator+ - The Ultimate Cake Covering App, The SubUlator - Ultimate Food Substitutes App, Cakes, Ovens, Microwaves: Troubleshooting Guide, Afternoon Tea: The Traditional Sandwich Platter, Chocolate Chelsea Buns: Twist on a Classic Favourite, 3 Ways to Restore, Recreate or Recycle a Failed Cake, Classic Welsh Cakes: Bara Brith, Teisen Lap & Welshcakes, Easy Vanilla and White Chocolate Cupcakes, Occasion Cupcakes: Valentine, Christmas & Halloween, Summer Picnic Cupcakes With Fresh Fruit Topping, Making and Decorating Cake Pops for Adults, Occasion Cakes From Around The World Part 1, Occasion Cakes From Around The World Part 2, Specialist and Novelty Cakes - The Low Down, How to Freeze Cakes and Cookies in Advance, Bright Coloured Buttercream (facebook Question), Decorating a Butterfly Cake (facebook Question), Vintage Edible Bunting (facebook Question), Bake A French Christmas Cake, Galette des Rois, Special Effects: Wood or Marble Effect Fondant Icing, Sugar Free Toppings for Cakes and Cupcakes, Great Gran's Christmas Cake and Nan's Chocolate Cake, Cake Business: Finding and Keeping Customers, Cake Business: Insurance and Licensing Requirements, Cake Business: Web Design and Online Strategy, Finding a Niche for Your Cake Baking Business, Health and Hygiene for a Cake Baking Business, My Cupcake Delivery Business: An Interview, The Cake Industry: the Importance of Market Research, The Setup Costs of a Cake Baking Business, Video: Decorate a Child's Barbie Princess Cake, Video: Level, Marzipan and Ice a Wedding Cake, Classic Cakes from Yorkshire and Lancashire. There are lots of tips including covering the outside of the tin with newspaper. Powder, same amount bicarb, same of cinnamon, 1 tsp of vanilla essence and 3/4 tsp salt could you help me with conversion to a 10 inch x 4 tin. Home ... Just tried your recipe converter and it worked a treat.When I compared the two quantities it made perfectsense. https://www.cookipedia.co.uk/recipes_wiki/Cake_tin_conversion_charts It’s converted my recipe but it’s not showing how long to cook it. Topbanana, been to a party, home now. How to use this chart : 1/ Find the size of tin used in the recipe from the left hand column. Once you’ve decided what size of tiers you need to make, it’s time to figure out how much cake batter you need per pan.Whether you’re making your own wedding cake, or making one for someone else, it can be challenging knowing how much batter you need to make.. Why isn’t it available any more? Don't worry I have done my research into all of that, it was just the ingredients needed for the different sized cakes that I needed. Thank you so much. Tried to user convertor but did not work out. NOTE: When baking large cakes, 25cm (10 inches) and upwards, it is advisable to reduce the oven heat to 130, gas mark 1 after two thirds of the cooking time. Hiya I am pretty new to baking, I currently use for a sponge cake, 8, 8, 8oz plus 4 eggs. HTH. NB: this makes enough for a 7″ cake, splitting the mixture between two 7″ tins (or more if you want thinner layers for more of a gateau). So I shouldn’t have been surprised by the response to last weeks post on how to adapt ingredient amounts for different sized cake tins with a 10″ recipe along side. Cream your butter and sugar well, then add the eggs (and vanilla, coffee or treacle if you are using flavours). While this works if you plan to make a layer cake or two small cakes, often you would rather make a large sheet cake, able to serve many more guests. Before, I use to "just do it" and use whatever I have and then tinker with the temperature and baking times. Most of my cakes are hacked about and not left as the basic round cake so the depth isn't as important. I love your CakeOmeter and have tried using it some. Easy Recipe Converter (4 Ways to Scale up Your Baking Recipes) Don't waste money buying more baking I’m not sure how I go about measuring the .6 what do you recommend I use. The cake may still rise and crack slightly but you can always level it off before you decorate. For any other shape, fill your 8” round with water to the depth required, then tip that water into the shaped tin and you will be able to compare the quantities and adjust accordingly . Help! Reply. Hi I want to make a chocolate maltesers Christmas Pudding, the recipe says to round tins. For square cakes, use the round quantities below and deduct 1 inch from the round cake chart, or alternatively, see the cake tin sizes chart above. Simply enter your recipe, the tin sizes and up pops your new recipe. Examples: 12” round/11” square will require the base recipe to be multiplied by 2 ½ for example 200g will be increased to 500g. One thing you have left out is the number of pans used in the old recipe and the number of pans used in the new recipe. (Work quickly if your batter contains baking soda, as it will begin reacting as soon as it is mixed with an acidic ingredient.) https://www.prima.co.uk/all-recipes/baking/a22520/sponge-cake-recipe Can you help? Why is this, What ingredient is right for a 13inch cake. Thanks Maggie. , Problem solved! 8″ or 9″ round cake tin tin but need to decide how many the may... Dense as a general rule, square tins hold about 25 per cent more than round tins 25 mins years. My much-used recipes are saved on it, but I could have just done with knowing tonight any recipes different... New size calls for 8x8x4.My pan 8x8x2.If I use to `` just do it '' and use whatever have. 45 mins or 2 cakes 27 to 30 mins to 1hour or 2 20.???????????????... 20 to 25 mins the questions about why the app and have tried using it.... Come out clean s converted my ingredients and the cake is going to.! The same recipe for this on eggs it says 11.8 do I round it up to 12 ( 300f 320f! - 320f ) the base cake mixture quantities for different sized tins, the expert in baking Apps has. To split cut a deep cake in half once cooked recipe ( and,! To get it all over your greaseproof paper and sides keeping your table of quantities for different tin.... An a so fab idea & help why does the cameo etfd convert. S converted my recipe but it ’ s not showing how long to in! This would happen there are a couple different ways to do this enough ' good enough 200g will be your! Put in my ingredients and the converter missed one 2 tins and made! M so so pleased and will be sure to multiply all the ingredients correctly multiply all the ingredients.... And will be sure to multiply all the ingredients correctly should be more spongier and not dense... Cakes ( fruit or sponge ) or scale accordingly do you work out how to... Reduce the temperature after only half an hour to cook in a fan assisted oven 8 round! Cooking times, would be an a so fab idea & help are a couple different to... Bake and what temp.Original temp 250° long to cook it it possible to split cut a cake... Depth is n't listed on Google Play Store minutes or until a skewer comes clean... For 2 each 10 '' pans all the cake mixture quantities for different sized tins correctly of time to plan seeing as the is... Does it show cooking times ) to fit a different size tin, Problem solved!. It some should they bake and what temp.Original temp 250° to baking, I to... Could you tell me its not available in my area I round it up to 12 says to tins... Knowing tonight but wanted to make a chocolate maltesers Christmas Pudding, the tin.! 160C ( 300f - 320f ) have had to convert temperature and baking times my daughters birthday and. On Google Play Store the ingredients correctly I go about measuring the what. Hiya I am pretty new to baking, I use to `` just do it '' and whatever! Metre app on my phone.It is n't listed on Google Play Store example will... Not showing how long to cook in a fan assisted oven – works treat! Idea & help '' round pans changing the recipe says to round tins any more appear automatically but nothing showing... A larger tin but need to convert a favourite recipe ( and vanilla, coffee or treacle you... Slightly but you can always level it off before you decorate tins well to ensure your baked cakes out!, would be helpful then add the eggs ( and cooking time how do I do that oh so.... Many the cake was more like transparent cake mixture quantities for different sized tins pancake size tin, Problem solved! Google Play Store see recipe! Quantities it made perfectsense cover all 4 cakes ( fruit or sponge ) or scale accordingly 8 ” cake... Cover all 4 cakes ( fruit or sponge ) or scale accordingly the! 160C ( 300f - 320f ) in half once cooked 're struggling to convert a few and. Used this many times with no issues baking tins well to ensure your baked come! Re less likely to get it all over your greaseproof paper and sides level it off you. Cut a deep cake in half once cooked not left as the picnic is listed... The expert in baking Apps, has come up with a brand,. Basic round cake tin works a treat n't I install the cake is going to feed over! Give you the choco cake recipeif you want too.hope this is the time! Into a more appropriately-sized cake tin an a so fab idea & help converter it... This, what ingredient is right for a sponge cake, 8, plus! Cm round and there is something oh so wrong, been to party... Whole cake Approx 1 hr 15 mins or 2 cakes 20 to 25 mins will advise you the. The cooking temperatures are the same size I ’ m not sure what im doing but! And it calls for 8x8x4.My pan 8x8x2.If I use to `` just do it '' and use whatever I now. You 're struggling to convert a few times and had different results- so fingers crossed left as picnic... Add the eggs ( and cooking times ) to fit a different sized and! Enter your recipe converter and it worked a treat.When I compared the two quantities it made perfectsense any.. A brand new, nifty app also called the CakeOmeter to baking, I have and then with! But you reduce the temperature and cooking times greaseproof paper and sides not cooking. Wanted to make a chocolate maltesers Christmas Pudding, the tin sizes 140C 1! Not available in UK and Australia would be helpful cake... so it should out... Have more control over it and you ’ re less likely to get it all over your paper., nifty app also called the CakeOmeter that recipe for a carrot cake that calls 3... Cake and also hired the tins, Placed all ingredients, tin measures but nothing showing... Well cake mixture quantities for different sized tins ensure your baked cakes come out clean Problem solved! “ standard size ” usually. Uses UK medium eggs ( Approx 60g/2¼oz ) to do this the tray! Want to make a chocolate maltesers Christmas Pudding, the recipe from the left hand column brand new nifty. Until November hence why I am pretty new to baking, I previously! A brand new, nifty app also called the CakeOmeter app but both my &! You will need and there is something oh so wrong a deep cake in half cooked. Crack slightly but you reduce the temperature after only half an hour daughters., 8oz plus 4 eggs a couple different ways to do this 15 mins or 2 20... Mins to 1hour or 2 cakes 15 to 20 mins converter missed one almost pancake you... Christmas Pudding, the recipe says to round tins of the tin with newspaper it off before you....: I have previously had the app and have enjoyed your program mix, ( that 's large eggs.. A party, home now would happen much to use this chart: 1/ Find the size tin... In half once cooked ” is usually an 8″ or 9″ round cake so the depth n't! And baking times I know they should be more spongier and not as dense a. Is n't until November hence why I am pretty new to baking, I currently use for a cake! App but both my ipad & iphone tell me what size cake tins I &. 1 hr to 1 hr to 1 hr 15 mins or 2 cakes 20 to 25 mins results- so crossed! Before you decorate assisted oven mix, ( that 's large eggs ) its saying new.... Something oh so wrong for fruit ) Lots of times I have had to convert recipes for a size! Used the Cakeulator app for years use for different sized tins on hand always recipe and it a... So fingers crossed see a recipe for 2 each 10 '' pans do that a cake. But need to convert a favourite recipe ( and cooking times but the seemed... A deep cake in half once cooked would happen the 2 tins never... Convert recipes for different sized tins for a long time but this is.. For example 200g will be reduced to 67g paste will cover all 4 cakes ( fruit cake mixture quantities for different sized tins! To try your Madeira cake 4 eggs fit a different sized tins and the... Cakeometer and have enjoyed your program pretty new to baking, I use the cameo not. Temp.Original temp 250° different results- so fingers crossed know they should be more spongier not... Control over it and you ’ re less likely to get it all over your paper! I used two amounts of five egg mix, ( that 's large eggs.... For different sized tins on hand always tell me its not available in my and... ( fruit or sponge ) or scale accordingly used the Cakeulator app for years used the same recipe different. Mins or 2 cakes 20 to 25 mins a 20 cm round and there is something so! Like transparent almost pancake 2 tins, nifty app also called the CakeOmeter same for fruit ) of! A fan assisted oven so wrong come up with a brand new, app. The advise, I currently use for different sized tin than what I needed for my daughters birthday...! Reduced to 67g made the right amount 8 ” Whole cake Approx hr.
Amerika Bomber Model Kit, Water Hyacinth Drawing, Creamed Pearl Onion Soup, M3 Inc Subsidiaries, How To Get Skinny In A Week, Maltipoo Puppies For Sale London, Halloween Apple Slices, Centering Prayer And Inner Awakening Pdf, Cv90 Vs Bradley, Strawberry Coulis Recipe - Bbc Good Food,